Category: Tawheed


The Conditions of Tawheed

Tawheed is the mother of all obligations. Without it, you cannot be a Muslim and all of your good deeds are fruitless. It is vital for one to understand the pillars and conditions of tawheed in order to ensure that he/she is a real Muslim. Failure to fulfil any condition or pillar of tawheed will nullify a person’s Eemaan and Islam, and hence will either be a mushrik or murtad (apostate). The conditions of tawheed are as follows:

1. Al-‘Ilm – Knowledge

Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’aan: “So know that Laa ilaaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah)…” (EMQ Muhammad, 47: 19)

If you testify that there is no ilaah worthy of worship and obedience, you must also know and understand all of Allah’s (SWT) attributes and functions or you will become mushrik.

This verse is a decisive request to have knowledge about Allah (SWT). For example, knowing that He is the only Legislator, one will never vote for any kaafir to legislate law. Likewise, by knowing that He is the only Provider, one will never fear poverty.

Having knowledge of tawheed is more vital than studying the Qur’aan, as indicated by the hadeeth of Jundub bin ‘Abdillaah who said: “We used to study Eemaan before we studied the Qur’aan…” (Sunan Ibn Maajah, Kitaab ul-Eemaan no.60), and the Messenger Muhammad (SAW) also said: “The one who dies, knowing (understanding) Laa ilaaha ill-Allah will enter paradise.”(Saheeh Muslim, Kitaab ul-Eemaan)

We are obliged to study, learn and know about Allah (SWT); what He likes and dislikes, loves and hates, His names and attributes etc.

You can only testify that which you have knowledge about. Therefore, if someone claims to be a witness, and he is asked about what he has seen, and replies: “I’m not sure”, this person is completely daft as he testifies to something which he has no knowledge of. Similar to this person is the one who testifies the Kalimah, yet he does not understand what it means.

Allah (SWT) says: “This (Qur’aan) is a Message for mankind (and a clear proof against them), in order that they may be warned thereby, and that they may know that He is the only One Ilaah (God – Allah) – (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), and that men of understanding may take heed.” (EMQ Ibraaheem, 14: 52)

2. Al-Yaqeen – Certainty

Knowledge is not enough, as many kuffaar know about Islam but they do not believe in it nor do they have certainty about it. Allah says: “Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the cause of Allah…” (EMQ Hujaraat, 49: 15), and the Messenger Muhammad (SAW) said: “Whoever testifies that there is no god worthy of worship and obedience but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah, without any doubt he will enter Jannah.” (Saheeh Muslim)

3. Al-Qubool – Acceptance

After having knowledge and certainty, you MUST accept. Some people may believe, have knowledge, and have certainty, but may not accept, as it may be too difficult for him or he may not accept out of his own personal desires. Allah (SWT) says: “Truly, when it was said to them: ‘Laa ilaaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah)’ they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it).” (EMQ as-Saaffaat, 37: 35)

4. Al-Inqiyaad – Submission

Allah (SWT) says: “But nay, by your Lord, they can have no Eemaan, until they make you (Muhammad [SAW]) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.” (EMQ an-Nisaa’, 4: 65)

Allah (SWT) describes those who do not submit to Him as disbelievers, and swears to this by Himself. Having knowledge, certainty and acceptance is not enough; you must also have submission with no haraj (discontent). You must submit to Allah, and all His names and attributes. Allah (SWT) also says: “There is no compulsion in the religion. Verily, the right path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taaghout and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break (i.e. he will have submission). And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.” (EMQ al-Baqarah, 2: 256)

And also: “The command (or the judgement) is for none but Allah. He has commanded that you worship none but Him (i.e. His Monotheism), that is the (true) straight religion, but most men know not.” (EMQ Yoosuf, 12: 40)

Thus, He (SWT) orders us to worship and submit to none but Him.

5. As-Sidq – Believing

Allah says: “When the hypocrites come to you (SAW), they say: ‘We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allah.’ Allah knows that you are indeed His Messenger and Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are liars indeed.” (EMQ al-Munaafiqoon, 63: 1)

Allah testifies that the Munaafiqoon are liars as they claim to be Muslims but they do not believe. Thus, believing is a condition of Tawheed as Allah (SWT) also says: “And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: ‘We believe in Allah and the Last Day’, while in fact they believe not.” (EMQ al-Baqarah, 2: 8)

Allah testifies again that they are not believers as they never have Eemaan in their hearts. The munaafiq has no talaazum (moulding) between his inner and outer as he shows Islam but conceals kufr. The Messenger Muhammad (SAW) said: “The one who testifies ‘There is no God worthy of worship but Allah’, (whilst sincerely) believing in the heart; Allah will forbid him from the Hell-fire.” (Al-Bukhaari, Kitaab ul-‘Ilm no.128 and Muslim)

Therefore, the one who does not believe in his heart has the attribute of a munaafiq or kaafir.

6. Al-Ikhlaas – Sincerity

Allah says: “And they were commanded not, but that they should sincerely (with Ikhlaas) worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him), and perform As-Salaat and give Zakaat: and that is the right religion.” (EMQ al-Bayyinah, 98: 5)

The Messenger Muhammad (SAW) said: “The one who says ‘there is none worthy of worship but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah’ seeking sincerely to see the face of Allah, Allah will forbid him from Hell-fire.” (Al-Bukhaari and Muslim)

And also, Abu Hurayrah (RA) asked the Messenger Muhammad (SAW): “who is the luckiest person to receive your intercession?” He said: “the one who says Laa ilaaha ill-Allah sincerely from his heart.’ (Al-Bukhaari)

7. Al-Mahabbah – Love

After having knowledge, certainty, acceptance, submission, belief and sincerity; you must also love those whom Allah (SWT) tells you to love, and hate those whom He tells you to hate.

Allah says: “And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe love Allah more (than anything else). If only those who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, all power belongs to Allah and that Allah is severe in punishment.” (EMQ al-Baqarah, 2: 165)

The Messenger Muhammad (SAW) also said: “The most powerful knot of Eemaan is to love for the sake of Allah and to hate for the sake of Allah.” (Ahmad, Aadaab us-Suhbah)

Therefore you must love the Muslims, believers and mujaahideen, and hate the kuffaar, Shaytaan and all other disbelievers; otherwise you will be violating one of the conditions of tawheed and hence become mushrik.

There has never been in the history of mankind a greater or more controversial statement as the Kalimah: “LAA ILAAHA ILL-ALLAH” (there is no one worthy of worship except Allah). These divinely revealed words divided the world into two camps: the camp of falsehood and the camp of truth. The callers of Tawheed throughout history had to endure severe testing and persecution because of the Kalimah. Moreover, they were the most vilified amongst their people:

“Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: ‘We believe’, and will not be tested. And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars.” [EMQ 29:2-3]

Despite the intense provocation and animosity directed towards them, they held an uncompromising position where they were able to sacrifice their whole lives for Tawheed, and concerning themselves only in pleasing their Creator:

“Say: ‘Verily, my Salaah (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists)’.” [EMQ 6:162]

They took this firm stance because they understood that Allah sent down the revelation (i.e. the Qur’aan) to the final Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) to establish the truth and to guide mankind by it. The people of Tawheed understood that Allah (the Most High) is the one who defines the purpose of mankind’s existence:

“And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone).” [EMQ 51:56]
So what is Tawheed? Why is it so controversial? And what are its implications?

Tawheed is to believe with the heart, to testify with the tongue and manifest with the limbs that there is no one worthy to obey, submit to and worship except Allah. To further explain, it is to single out Allah in His Lordship (ruboobiyyah) in His worship (uloohiyyah) and His names and attributes (al-Asmaa’ was-Sifaat). The Lordship of Allah is to recognize that Allah alone is the Creator, the Provider and the Most-Merciful etc. Tawheed ul-Uloohiyyah is the absolute right of Allah (glory be to Him) to be worshipped, elevated, obeyed, and for all ritual acts to be offered for Allah’s sake alone and should not be offered to anybody or anything else, such rituals as salaah (prayer), du’aa (supplication), at-tahaakum (arbitration), slaughtering and fasting etc.

“Say: ‘Shall I seek a lord other than Allah, while He is the Lord of all things?’” [EMQ 6:164]

The opposite or nullifier of Tawheed is Shirk. Shirk is to ascribe partners to Allah. It is in the form of directing the names, attributes or functions of Allah (glory be to Him) towards anyone or anything other than Him or along side Him. For example one of Allah’s name and attribute is al-Hakam meaning ‘the Legislator’ or ‘Law Maker’; thus, legislation is His (glory be to him) exclusive right. Therefore, anyone who legislates other than Allah is a Mushrik (one who commits shirk).

The Muwahhid (the one who worships Allah without committing shirk) must understand, accept and believe in two principles or Tawheed: The first is to disbelieve or reject Taaghout (anything that consents to being obeyed, followed or worshipped other than Allah) and then to believe, worship, submit and obey Allah alone:

“…Whosoever disbelieves in (or rejects) Taaghout then believes in Allah, he has grasped the most trustworthy knot of Islam (understood the meaning Laa ilaaha ill-Allah).” [EMQ 2:256]

If one understands the principles of Tawheed it is clear to see where the conflict arises as there must be a total rejection of all false religions and ideologies (i.e. democracy, socialism, Christianity or Judaism etc.) before one can call himself a believer in Allah. Allah condemns all those who practice another way of life other than Islam:

“Or have they partners with Allah (false gods), who have instituted for them a deen (way of life, ideology) which Allah has not allowed…” [EMQ 42:21]

To Allah belong the purest and the best qualities. In His infinite wisdom and knowledge, Allah knows what is best for mankind: “Should not He Who has created know? And He is the Most Kind and Courteous (to His slaves) All-Aware (of everything).” [EMQ 67:14]

Allah chose Islam as the Deen that should be believed in and followed: “…This day, I have perfected your Deen for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your Deen.” [EMQ 5:3]. The Deen of Islam is the haq (truth) which Allah decreed to supersede over all other ways even if the people detest it: “It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him) with guidance and the Deen of truth (Islam), to make it superior over all ideologies even though the Mushrikoon (those who ascribe partners to Allah, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) hate (it).”[EMQ 9:33]

Allah is most severe in Chastisement and warns the disbelievers of a torment facing them for not accepting Islam: “And whoever seeks a deen other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.” [EMQ 3:83]

Allah promises severe burning and scolding for all those who die on disbelief: “And whosoever does not believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), then verily, We have prepared for the disbelievers a blazing Fire.” [EMQ 48:13]

But for those who believe in Allah and Islam, Allah promises happiness and contentment: “Verily! Those who believe (in Tawheed) and do righteous deeds, shall have the gardens of Paradise for their entertainment,” [EMQ 18:107] and: “(There is for him) rest and provision, and a Garden of delights (Paradise).” [EMQ 56:89]

Without Tawheed, the life of a person is meaningless and a total waste. The whole purpose of man’s creation is to worship Allah alone and if man fails to acknowledge this exclusive right of Allah then one will be amongst the dwellers of the Fire (Hell). He will have no one to blame but himself: what a horrible conclusion.

One must learn and act upon Tawheed if one wishes to be from the inhabitants of the Garden of Bliss where Allah will be pleased with him forever.

Shaykhu’l-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said, “The Tawhid with which the Messengers came with comprises of affirming that Divinity and worship belong to Allah alone, such that a person witnesses that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and that none is worshipped except Him, nor depended upon other than Him, nor are alliances or enemies made except for Him, nor is an action done except for Him. This affirmation also covers those Names and Attributes which Allah affirms for Himself, as Allah (awj) says:

“And the Allah to be worshipped is only one Allah. None has the right to be worshipped except Him, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy.” (ali Imran 3/163) And Allah (awj) says:

“Do not take two objects of worship. Indeed, Allah is the only Deity to be worshipped, so fear Him.” (an-Nahl 16/51) And He (swt) says:

“Whosoever calls upon (i.e. supplicates or prays to) other than Allah, for which he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Indeed, the disbelievers will not be successful.” (Mu‘minun 23/117) Allah (swt) also says:

“And ask those of our Messengers whom we sent before you, Did We ever appoint objects of worship besides the Most Merciful?” (az-Zukhruf 43/45) And Allah (awj) informed us about every Prophet from amongst the Prophets that they called the people to the worship of Allah alone, having no partner, as He (awj) said:

“Indeed there is an excellent example for you in Ibrahim and those with him, when they said to their people: Indeed we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah. We have rejected you, and there has arisen between us and you, hostility and hatred forever – until you believe in Allah alone.” (al-Mumtahia 60/4) And Allah (swt) said about the mushriks:

“When it is said to them: None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, they become arrogant. And they say: Are we to abandon those deities that we worship because of a mad poet?” (as-Saffat 37/35-36) And this occurs a lot in the Qur‘an.

And what is meant by Tawhid is not merely Tawhid ar-Rububiyyah -the belief that Allah alone is the Creator- which is what some of the people of Kalaam and the Sufis think! So they think that if they affirm this type of Tawhid, along with its proofs, then they have affirmed the utmost limits of Tawhid and that if they bear witness to this and become absorbed in it, then they have absorbed themselves in the limits of Tawhid! However, this is not the case. Since even if a person agreed to those attributes which are befitting to the Lord, and declared Him free from everything He should be declared free from and affirmed that He alone is the creator of everything -then still such a person would not be a muwahhid until along with this, he witnesses that the only Ilah (i.e. object of worship) is Allah- (i.e. none has the right to he worshipped except Allah alone)- affirming that Allah alone is the Ilah deserving off all worship, adhering to this worship and associating no partners with Him. Also affirming that this Ilah is He who is deified and worshipped and who deserves worship and it is not that Ilah merely with the meaning, “The One who has the power to create and originate.”

So if an explainer (of the Qur‘an) explains Ilah to mean, “The One who has the power to create and originate” and believes that this is the most particular description of Ilah and affirms this to be the limits of Tawhid -as is done by the people of Kalaam, and it is what they say from Abu’l-Hasan al-Ash’ari and his followers- then they do not know the true reality of the Tawhid with which Allah sent His Messengers, since the Arab mushriks used to agree that Allah alone is the Creator of everything. Yet despite this, they were still mushriks, as Allah (swt) says: “Most people do not believe in Allah except that they commit shirk (i.e. associate others with Him in belief and worship).” (Yusuf 12/106)

A group from amongst the salaf said: “If you ask them who created the Heavens and the earth, they will say, ‘Allah’ – yet along with this, they worshipped others besides Him.” (narrated from Ibn Abbas (ra) and others; Tabari, Jaami’ul-Bayan an Ta’wilu’l-Qur‘an, 13/50-51) Allah (swt) said:

“Say: ‘Whose is the earth and all that is in it, if you do indeed know?’ They will say, ‘It belongs to Allah.’ Say, ‘Will you not then remember?’ Say, ‘Who is the Lord of the heavens and the Lord of the great Throne?’ They will say, ‘Allah.’ Say, ‘Will you not then fear Him?’” (Mu’minun 23/84-87) So not everyone who affirms that Allah is the Lord of everything and is its Creator, will be a worshipper of Him to the exclusion of everything else -calling upon Him alone, hoping in Him alone, having fear of Him alone, forming allegiance and enmity for Him, obeying His Messengers, ordering what He orders and forbidding what He forbade.”

(Majmua al-Fatawa, 3/97-105)

The Ultimate Declaration

“La ilaaha illallah Muhammad ur Rasulullah”
“There is no deity truly worthy of worship besides Allah Azzawajal and Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is His Messenger”
This is the statement of Tawheed – the Statement of the Oneness of Allah Almighty and without doubt the greatest statement that ever was or ever will be proclaimed!

The mission that was assigned to each of the Prophets ‘alayhimus salaam, was to convey to mankind the acknowledgement of the absolute Sovereignty of Allah Azzawajal, to render pure obedience to Him only & to fully reject worshipping (obedience, prostration, reverence, glorification, supplication, reliance,  hope, fear, love, submission) other than Allah Azzawajal.

“And verily, We have sent among every nation a Messenger (proclaiming): ‘Worship Allah (alone) and keep away from Taghut (false deities)…” (TMQ Surah an Nahl : 36)

For this statement, Allah Almighty created Paradise (Jannah) and Hell (Jahannum). The key to these destinations lies in the acceptance (Paradise) or rejection (Hell) of this testification.
This declaration (Shahadah – tain) has two parts, both of which must be testified to AND acted upon:

1) La ilaaha illallah (There is no god/ deity truly worthy of worship besides Allah)

“So know that La ilaaha illallah…” (TMQ Surah Muhammad : 19)

Seek the correct knowledge of Allah Azzawajal’s Unity: “Say: He is Allah, (the) One” (TMQ Surah al Ikhlaas : 1)

Through knowledge, we can learn & understand how Allah Azzawajal wants us to worship Him alone, without any associates and that all forms of worship (described above) are to be directed to Allah Azzawajal alone in a manner shown to us by His Messenger, Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

“And I created not the Jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (alone)” (TMQ Surah adh Dhariyaat : 56)

Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala has NO parents, partners or offspring!
Allah Azzawajal is the Sole Creator, Originator, Cherisher, Sustainer & Provider of bounty and security & none can share in that!
Sovereignty is for Allah alone and none can share in that!
Only Allah has the authority to legislate in all matters i.e. make things lawful (Halaal) and unlawful (Haraam) and none can share in that!
The perfect, most beautiful names and attributes belong to Allah alone, none of which can be attributed to His weak & dependent creation and neither can any attribute of His creation be attributed to Him!

“And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him” (TMQ Surah Al Ikhlaas : 4)

Contradiction of any of these leads to the worst crime possible!
SHIRK is the association of partners with Allah Azzawajal in any of the aspects mentioned above and if one dies without sincerely repenting and seeking Allah Azzawajal’s forgiveness, one is assured of the eternal doom of the Hellfire! Unfortunately today, many Muslims have strayed to shirk yet they feel satisfied that their mere declaration that Allah Azzawajal is One will suffice!

SURELY THIS IS A GREAT DELUSION!

“Verily Allah forgives not setting up partners (in worship) with Him, but He forgives whom he wills sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah has indeed strayed far away” (TMQ Surah An Nisa : 116)

O you who have testified to the Oneness of Allah, Take heed!
Worship Allah as He wants you to worship Him and not in accordance with your fluctuating desires!

NO idol, NO Prophet, NO belief, NO saint, NO grave, NO ideology, NO political system, NO scholar, NO ruler, NO actor, NO musician, NO sportsperson, NO astrologer, NO clairvoyant, NO magician, NO material possessions – absolutely NONE of these or any other is to be glorified, practiced upon, revered or worshipped besides or along with Allah Almighty, the One free of all defects!
2) Muhammad ur Rasulullah (Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is the Messenger of Allah)

Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, the slave of Allah Azzawajal, came to confirm the message of the Prophets ‘alayhimus salaam before him –  the message of Tawheed. This part means that we accept everything that he sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam has come with, we follow his immaculate example, we carry out his instructions & we refrain from that which he has ordered us to stay away from (including worshipping him).

“And whatsoever the Messenger (SAW) gives to you, take it and whatever he forbids you, abstain (from it). And fear Allah…” (TMQ Surah al Hashr : 7)

Take heed O Muslims! All our actions, intentions & deeds, if not carried out for the pleasure of Allah Azzawajal and in accordance with the Sunnah of Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam are worthless!

Do we not guard our wealth & possessions with the utmost of security? What then should be our level of security for this great gift of Tawheed that Allah Azzawajal has bestowed upon humanity? A gift,  if squandered or lost can lead to eternal ruin & damnation!

While we strive day and night to increase our knowledge of this world, we pay little attention to the knowledge that Allah has directed us to out of His endless mercy – the knowledge of the Oneness of Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala and the worthlessness of worshipping false deities!

O Muslims! O slaves of Allah, Lord of the Worlds!
Save yourselves and your families from a severe punishment! Nations before you, more powerful and wealthy than you can ever imagine, have been destroyed for rejecting fully or partly, the Oneness of Allah Almighty!
Know and understand that there is only ONE Lord, unto whom is due total submission & all worship!
Purify your belief, let this belief enter the heart and translate into action!
Shun & reject shirk totally in all its forms!

Remember & repeat this Du’aa of Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam often:
“O Allah! I seek refuge with you from knowingly associating anything with you and ask forgiveness if I have unwittingly done so” (Musnad Ahmad)

“Say: My prayers, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are all for Allah, Lord of the Worlds” (TMQ Surah al An’ am : 162)

Kitab At-Tawheed

Kitab At-Tawheed written by Sheikh-ul-Islam Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhab – A renowned Reviver and a great Reformer
Allah the Almighty said:
“And I (Allah) created not the Jinns and men except they should worship Me (Alone).” (51:56)
And He stated:
“And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): ‘Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah).’ ” (16:36)
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